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[Buddhist Property / Confucian Property / Historical Property ]
* Paradise Sanctuary of the Muwi Temple


- Appointment No. National Treasure No.13
- Appointment Date Dec. 20, 1962
- Size 3 Room on the Front and Side
- Period Choson Dynasty
- Location 1174 WolHa-ri, SeogJeon-myeon, Gangjin


Historical records say that the Great monk Wonhyo founded and named this temple, GwanHeum, in 617, the 39th year of King JinPyeong`s reign, but give no specific proof. However the ByunGwang Tower Monument of the Great monk, Seongak in the Muwi Temple, mentions it had been called `Muwi KapSa` from the Shilla era.

Most of the sanctuaries that remain in Muwi Temple were built in 1555, the fourth re-construction, except the Paradise Sanctuary, which was considered to have been built before 1476. The inscription `Year of Queen SeonDeok`s 5`, carved on the pillar, first noticed in 1983, means that the building existed in 1430, the 12th year of King SeoJong`s reign. A broad space without pillars can be found and many Buddhist saints` paintings, which are thought to be original works of Oh-DoJa, one of the most famous portrait artists, hang on the wall inside.


* MoJeon Stone Tower of Wolnam Temple


- Appointment No. National Treasure No.298
- Appointment Date Jan. 21, 1963
- Location 854 WolNam-ri, SeongJeon-myeon, GangJin 

This stone tower introduces some characteristics of the Chinese `Chun Tower` pattern which spread over much of the middle area of Korea and over local provinces.

It is built of 3 stories based on flat stone foundations, pursuing the `Chun Tower` model, while it has some signs of following `BaekJe Tower` patterns. Thus this tower reflects the succession of the BaekJe trend, with a `Chun Tower` construction pattern. Temple WolNam fell to ruin leaving only the tower and monument behind. 


* Stone Monument of Wolnam Temple


- Appointment No. Treasure No.313
- Appointment Date Jan. 21, 1963
- Size 3.58 meters tall
- Period Koryo Dynasty
- Location 813 WolNam-ri, SeongJeon-myeon, GangJin

This monument is made up of a turtle-shaped stone based on a rectangle main stone. The first stone looks less vigorous, while the whole appearance exhibits a superiority in realism and balance.

Poetry is carved on it, but this can not be read. The upper part has been cut off and the lower part defaced due to wind and weather. Then New Dongguk-Yoji Seungnam says that Wolnam Temple was established by the Great Monk, JinGak and the poetry was written by the famous poet, Lee Kyu-bo. It is presumed that Lee, Kyu-bo (1168-1241) built this monument to honor the Great Monk, JinGak (1178-1234), according to evidence found in the Songgwang Temple .


* ByunGwang Tower Monument of the Great Monk SunGok in the Muwi Temple


- Appointment No. Treasure No.507
- Appointment Date June 16, 1969
- Size 2.35 meters tall and 1.12 meters wide
- Period Early Koryo Dynasty
- Location 1174 WolHa-ri, SeongJeon-myeon, GangJin-

This monument records the title `ByunGwang Tower Monument of the Great monk, Sunkak, in Muwi Temple , in the Koryo Dynasty`. It also includes the names of a son, Choi-Hun and a child out of wedlock, Yoo-HoonYeol. Sungak`s Buddhist name was HyungMi and his secular family name was Choe.

Compared with other monuments erected in the same era, this reflects realism and is especially well carved.


* Geumgok 3-Story Stone Pagoda


- Appointment No. Treasure No.829
- Appointment Date Jan. 8, 1985
- Size 5.6 meters tall
- Period Koryo Dynasty
- Location San 143, Basan-ri, Geumdong-myeon, Gangj

This tower has been preserved despite some damage ; One plate from each side has been lost or damaged. After a 2-week (Jun. 10. 1988 - Jun. 23. 1988) restoration, it was identified through the finding of SeJon New Sarira 32 Kwa.

This 3-Story stone tower is over 5 meters tall. This Stone tower may follow the Baekje style and was probably constructed in the early Koryo Dynasty. At present, several buildings are under construction ; Main Sanctuary, an Octagonal building, the merciful Buddha, etc.


* Wooden Trinity Amitabha Buddhas Sedentary in Muwi Temple


▶ Appointment No. Treasure No.1312
▶ Appointment Date 2001.7.30
▶ Period Late 15th century
▶ Location 1174 Wolha-ri, Sungjeon-myun, GangJin

- Main Seated Buddhist : Total height122, Head height34, Inner height30, Inner width21, Shoulder width48, Knee width85㎠

- Gwanseeum Buddhist Bodhisattva : Total height146, Head height40, Inner height21, Inner width19, Shoulder width46, Knee width63㎠

- Jijang Buddhist Bodhisattva : Total height140, Head height30, Inner height26, Inner width17, Shoulder width43, Knee width62㎠

The above Buddha statues are enshrined in the Paradise Sanctuary of Muwi as they are early Buddhist status of the Chosun Dynasty. They are made of wood and are quilted with gold.

Amitabha is in the middle, Jijang Bodhisattva, which is adorned with a hempen hood, is on the right side and The Merciful Goddess, which is adorned with a coronet, is on the left. These trinity amitabha Buddhist statues were manufactured in 1476(King Sungjong 7th year) and have similar features with the Trinity Buddhist Statues of the wall painting style. Therefore, both of the treasures were believed to have been created in the same year.

Amitabha has the wide knee width comparing upper body and it is posed for an auspicious effect.

The shape of the hand, in which the thumb and middle finger come into contact, is the same as the shape of the hand in the wall painting.

The statues are dressed a quite thick silk. The neckband of left shoulder is the N type and the upper layer of skirt is parallel. The regular Knot reflects the Buddhist clothes style of early Chosun dynasty.

The Merciful Goddess, which wears a heavy coronet with flower decoration is posed in a half seated posture. The legs appear thick and heavy perhaps because they did not get the full treatment in detail.

Jijang Bodhisattva, which wears a hempen hood, is posed in the half seated posture with a drooping right leg.

Details include the round face, heavy breast, wide knee width, thick Buddhist clothes, and unique folds of the material-all features of the Buddha style of the early Chosun Dynasty with influences of late Koryo Buddha clothes.


* Paradise Sanctuary Amitabha Buddhas Wall Painting in Muwi Temple


▶ Appointment No. Treasure No.1313
▶ Appointment Date 2001.7.30
▶ Size Width 210㎝. Height 270㎝
▶ Period in 1476 (King Sungjong 7th years)
▶ Location 1174 Wolha-ri, Sungjeon-myun, GangJin

The wall painting behind Buddha statue on a colored a mud wall. It reflects the style of Koryo Buddhist painting such as the simple form, the light painting, the clothes, the folds of the material, the style of dress and decorated pedestal but it also displays characteristics of wall paintings of the Chosun dynasty such as composition centering on Trinity Buddhas, the top of expressed clothes, or the treatment of the knot. The coloring is mainly red and green, evoking a feeling of mildness. The Yeongnak (Ornament) on the clothing design and on the rectangular pedestal is magnificent and sophisticated. As a great masterpiece expressing the style of Koryo Buddhist painting and the new composition of the early Chosun dynasty, it is the oldest of Amitabha Buddha paintings of the Chosun dynasty existing in Korea.

Both of Buddhist Bodhisattvas are as tall as the Buddha’s shoulder and there are six Arhans on the upper left and right side. It is different from Koryo Dynasty Buddha paintings in which all Bodhisattvas are arranged under Buddha’s knee. It also differs from Buddhist painting after the 16th century in that Bodhisattvas and arhans are arranged around the Buddha. This characteristc shows early Chosun Dynasty influences.

The Sieve type of Amitabha light image was also introduced from the 15th century.

Hearyeon painted the above and it was completed in 1476(King Sungjong 7th year). Although the completion date is clear, there is a legend about the painting’s origins.

One day, an old monk came into the temple and he said that he would make a picture therefore, the others must not look inside for 49 days. After saying this, he locked the door and never came out and never asked for food.

The curious chief priest peeped in through a crack in the door. And he saw that a blue bird was about to draw the eyes of The Merciful Goddess. However, the bird sensed that someone was spying and he flew away after dropping the brush. As a result, there are no pupils painting in the eyes.


* The White Merciful Goddess Painting in Muwi Temple


▶ Appointment No. Treasure No.1314
▶ Appointment Date 2001.7.30
▶ Size Width 210㎝. height 270㎝
▶ Period Late 15th Century
▶ Location 1174 Wolha-ri, Sungjeon-myun, GangJin

The Merciful Goddess painting is on the other side of the Paradise Sanctuary Wall Painting. The Merciful Goddess has light colored head and body and looks at an old priest that worships mercy. A wave is painted around her, signifying the ocean. The goddess is shown standing on the lotus type of big board and grasping a flagon and willow leaf in her hands.

She is depicted with a mannish body with thick neck, big face, and wide shoulders. Her Clothes seem to billow in the wind and the line of the painting displays a vividness and rhythmical beauty. She looks down at the old priest ,who wears Buddhist clothing and worships mercy. The details are quite realistic.


* Paradise Sanctuary Inside of Wall Painting in Muwi Temple


▶ Appointment No. Treasure No.1315
▶ Appointment Date Jul. 30, 2001
▶ Size Total 29 pcs
▶ Period Late 15th Century
▶ Location 1174 Wolha-ri, Sungjeon-myun, GangJin

The current wall paintings are enshrined in the Wall Painting Sanctuary Vitarka separately with the Paradise Sanctuary, which was repaired in 1974. 29 pieces of work are preserved in the glass case located in the Wall Painting Preservation Building. Examples include the Amitabha Buddha reception, Buddha’s sermon, Seated sea merciful goddess, Seated bodhisattva, Five Buddhas, Immortals who fly in the sky, and Playing instruments.

The Amitabha Buddha reception is depicted on the mud wall. The subject is how Buddha brings salvation to the dead by bringing them to heaven.

The various facial expressions and poses of the eight monks behind the eight bodhisattva show movement and dramatic images.

The style of Koryo Buddhist painting is reflected in the bold use of bright red and green however, the influence of the new style of early Chosun period is also present in an arhan in the painting.

Both the Amitbha Buddha Reception and Buddha’s Sermon in Paradise Sanctuary are reproductions and the originals are preserved in the Preservation Building.


* Main Sanctuary of Jungsu Temple


▶ Appointment No. Local Tangible Cultural Property No.101
▶ Appointment Date Feb. 25, 1985
▶ Size 3 rooms on the Front and Side
▶ Period Chosun Dynasty
▶ Location 26 Yongun-ri Daegu-myeon GangJin

According to historical records, JungSu was said to have been one of the largest temples. Small buildings like the main sanctuary, the UngJin sanctuary, etc. are all that is left behind. The temple was originally called `SsangGye` which means two streams of the river flow around the temple. It was renamed `JungSu` at the end of the Chosun Dynasty.

The National monk DoSeon is belived to have founded the temple in 800, the year of King AeJang`s inauguration, but dating problems makes this improbable. The sanctuary has 3 rooms in front and 2 rooms on the side. With double eaves, wood floors and a Buddhist altar at the back, the sanctuary is on the whole quite simple. It is assumed to have been constructed after the mid-Chosun Dynasty.


* Main Sanctuary of Baekryeon Temple


- Appointment No. Local Tangible Cultural Property No. 136
- Appointment Date Feb. 7, 1986
- Size 3 Rooms in Front and on the Side
- Period Late Chosun Dynasty
- Location 246 Mandeuk-ri DoAm-myeon GangJin

Baekryeon Temple has been said to have been founded at the end of the Shilla Dynasty but this is not accurate.

The temple produced 8 national monks at the end of Koryo Dynasty, and 8 great monks at the end of the Chosun Dynasty and had a good reputation. The octagonal main sanctuary with its 3 front rooms and doubled eaves was thought to be built in the late Chosun Dynasty. 


* Sajeok Monument of Baekryeon Temple

- Appointment No. National Treasures No. 1396
- Appointment Date Jan. 26, 2004
- Size 4 meters high
- Period Chosun Dynasty (1681)
- Location 246 ManDeuk-ri, DoAm-myeon, GangJin 

Baekryeon Temple produced 8 national monks at the end of the Koryo Dynasty and 8 great monks at the end of the Chosun Dynasty and had a good reputation.

The `Baekryeon Association Movement`, based on the spirit of Confession and Elysium, which was a strategic movement for Buddhism`s popularization, and the `Chunghye Association Movement` lead by SongGwang Temple, created the two branches of Koryo Buddhism. The monument consists of a stone base, a body stone and a top stone. The Stone Base is 110-centimeter tall and body stone is 233-centimeter tall, and the monument is 118-centimeter wide.

According to a historical record, the year of the building of this monument is said to have been 1618, the year of King SukJong 7 in Chosun Dynasty. Even though it was constructed in the era of Chosun, the patterns on the monument show that it preserved traditional techniques.


* Wooden Seated Buddha in Okryeon Temple

- Appointment No. Local Tangible Cultural Property No.188
- Appointment Date Dec. 26, 1995
- Size Total height 77㎝, Head height 30㎝
- Period In 1684(King Sookjong 10th years)
- Location 7 Mt. Deokam-ri, Gangjin-eub, Gangjin

This is the main Buddha among the three Buddhas in the Buddhist sanctum(Main temple) of Okryean Temple. Tradition says that it was delivered from Jungsoo temple in Yongun-ri, Deagu-myun, Ganngjin in 1951.

In May, 1991, clothing was introduced by the Gangjin Culture Office and students of Gangjin local history.

In this Buddha style, several characteristics are shown, such as downward tilt of his head, lifted eyes, unseparated hair, and the physical appearance of the head, etc.

The material of the Buddhist clothing is thick silk and the trail of clothing is down to the elbow. From these details, we are able to recognize that this style is from late Koryo to late Chosun dynasty. Also, it indicates that this is Sakyamuni Tathagata as Sakyamuni is written on the wrist of left hand..

The book(width 75.8㎝ length 77.7㎝) is found to include the reason for the Buddha statue’s construction and the sponsors for this statue. It was made between the Spring and Winter of 1684 with 16 arhans.

Seated Wooden Buddha statues were made after the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1952, so we may conclude the period of this Buddha’s statue in Okryeon Temple even though it belonged to the late Chosun dynasty and it was the standard of Buddha’s statue at that moment.


* Round funerary sputa of Buddhist monk in Baekryeon Temple

- Appointment No. Local Tangible Cultural Property No.223
- Appointment Date Nov. 20, 1999
- Size Total height 293㎝
- Period Koryoe Dynasty
- Location :#55 Mt. Mandeok-ri, Doam-myun, Gangjin

This temple has a long historical tradition as Wonmyo led to Baekryeon association and eight famous old Buddhist priests of Koryo were released here. It has several interesting characteristics. The Pagoda has a round ball, square stages and the technique, which includes the decoration with lotus type in the upper side is unique. It is the oldest pagoda in Baekryeon Temple.

Although Baekryeon Temple has been said to have been founded at the end of the Shilla Dynasty, this is not accurate. It was re-built in 1170 in the Koryo Dynasty. The octagonal main sanctuary and several buildings were left. Camellia Trees grow around Baekryeon Temple.


* muwi 3-Story Stone Pagoda


- Appointment No. Cultural Property Material No.76
- Appointment Date Feb. 29, 1984
- Size 396 centimeters tall
- Period Koryo Dynasty
- Location 1174 WolHa-ri, SeongJeon-myeon, Gangjin

This tower is made out of stone and has a typical 2-story base foundation. Each story has its own face which was elaborately carved.

The tower body has a body stone and a bijou stone with an engraved space and shows diminishing heights on the 2nd and 3rd stories. The architectural skill of Unified Shilla era is introduced in this tower, despite some damage on the 1st and 3rd stories. This stone tower may have been constructed in the same year that the ByunGwang Tower Monument of the Great monk, SunGak, in the Muwi Temple was built, or in the early Koryo Dynasty.


* Samunan Stone Statue

- Appointment No. Cultural material No. 187
- Appointment Date Mar. 9, 1992
- Size 122 cm tall, 55 cm wide
- Location 1171 Galdong-ri, Chakchun-myeon, GangJin

This stone statue has a narrow lower part and a broad upper part made of natural stone. The front and sides were sculptured while the back was left rough. It has a large round support, a square hole in the middle and stands on a hole.

There are inlaid Peonies and 13 figures on the front, left and right sides. It originally stood on the roadside, around the foot of a mountain in Samunan village, and was late-removed to its present location. The term, `Samunan`, means `temple area`, suggesting this stone statue stood at the entrance to a temple. It is believed that the temple could have been Wolnam temple, which was demolished in the past.


* Relief of Buddha’s Head in Wolnam

- Appointment No. Local Cultural Material No.207
- Appointment Date Nov. 20, 1999
- Size Total height: 335㎝, Inner height 240㎝
- Period Koryo
- Location Wollam-ri Seongjeon-myeon, Jangheung-gun

It is an intaglio image of the Buddha on the rock(height 4m, width 6m) in Childeokgol, which is located about 2.5㎞ away from the three story stone pagoda in Wolnam site(Treasure No.298), in the southern part of Wolchool Mountain. The head is carved in relief. We can estimate the level of the technique from the lifted eyes, realistic lips, and long stiff nose. It is an important studying recourse to compare this engraving of Buddha with the others in Wolnam temple, Muwi ,and Yongarm temple sites.


* Ruins of Wolnam Temple



- Appointment No. Local Monument No.125
- Appointment Date Dec . 21. 1988
- Size 9,200 pyeong
- Period Koryo
- Location 832 Wolnam-ri, Seongjean-myeon, Gangjin

The ruins of Wolnam temple, with its view of the top of Wolchul Mt., is 158m in width, 182m in length, and is over 10,000 pyong. It is estimated that this temple would have been larger than Muwi temple in the old days.

Tiles, pieces of Celadon & white Celadon from the Koryo through the Chosun Dynasty, have been found at the ruins of Wolnam temple. Celadon tiles were also found to have been used as material for walls. According to Wolnam-ri residents, there were 2 stone pagodas and 30 monks from Muwi temple performed religious services winding silks around the pagodas.






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