Joseon has a king. His authority
is absolute, even though he pays homage to the Ching
China. The king has anadvisory body, called Uijeongbu,
which exercised its absolute power freely.
Joseon has no lords possessing their town, village,
or island, suggesting that Joseon is strongly centralized.
High offices(Yangban) earned their income from land
property and male and female slaves. Some Yangban(noblemen)
possesses about 200-300 slaves. Some are given an island
or land from the king, but it falls to the king after
Regarding to administrative organization, Joseon has
central and local government organizations. The central
government organization consists of a number of high
and low officials. Many different appeals are presented
to the king.
While local governors hold office for one year, other
government employees do for three years.
But, there are few people who finish up their term of
office because most of them leave their offices before
their terms due to corruption.
To defend the country against
the enemy, Joseon has an infantry and the cavalry in
the capital. These armies get paid by defending the
king's palace, and keeping guard on the king when he
goes on a trip. Common people have to go to the capital
every seven years to guard the king's palace.
It refers to the military service system of Joseon on
a commoner conscription basis.
Regarding the weapons and military system of Joseon,
he wrote as follows.
°‹The weapons include bows, arrows, and a kind of flail.
A flail-like weapon with a short metal in its tip is
similar to a flail which is used to thresh wheat in
°‹Soldiers wear helmets and armor made with an iron plate
or animal skin and are armed with firelocks, short swords,
and short spears. Military officers are armed with bows
°‹All soldiers buys gunpowder and 50 bullets at their
own expense and must possess them.
°‹Each town charges temples with the defense and management
of mountain fortresses. In the case of emergency, Buddhist
monks become soldiers. Monks are also registered on
the list of soldiers.
°‹The king can enlist militiamen and monk soldiers in
the army to strengthen military force which can go to
in the world map - Island
°‹Common soldiers of sixty years are exempted from military
service and their descendants take their place.
°‹All of the nobility(Yangban) are exempted from military
service like slaves.
Their only duty is to be loyal to their king. Those
exempted from military service exceeds a half because
children born between common men and female slaves and
between male slaves and common women all became slaves.
If both parents were slaves, their children belonged
to the mother's master.