foreigners such as Park Yeon (Weltevree), Hamel, and
his mates were attached to Hullyeondogam to contribute
to the development of weapon.
Above all, Park Yeon (Weltevree)
Although, transferring Western foreigners shipwrecked
in the land of Joseon to Seoul was done on the humanitarian
grounds, the Joseon government has another purpose.
Joseon lain in ruin without a chance to heal from its
scars because of Japanese invasion in 1592 and 1597
and the revolt of Lee Gwal. Furthermore, Jurchen of
the north sprung up and invaded Joseon twice. In the
17th century Joseon was turned upside down.
Following King Injo, King Hyojong
became a king and promoted to conquer the North so as
to blot out the disgrace of the late king and the Court.
It was one of the very important foreign policies.
With the reinforcement of the expedition to conquer
the north, the improvement of weapon was the most urgent
business and it was necessary to introduce advance Western
Hullyeondogam originally focused on producing firearms
needed for war as well as training and practice firing.
In order to develop weapons and for new technology to
be introduced, Joseon attached Western foreigners to
As Park Yeon (Weltevree) took
part in developing Hongipo, did Hamel and his mates
participate in developing Western weapon?
Many researchers argue that Hamel and his mates would
involve in developing Western weapon in Joseon in the
However, there is no evidence that Hamel and his mates
took part in developing rifles in Hullyeondogam. Moreover,
they were exiled in Jeolla-do when rifles were made
in July 1656.
According to¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick
Hamel¡», they were separated from Park Yeon(Weltevree)
in the riverside of Hangang and left for Jeolla-do in
early February in 1656.
It means that there was no chance for Hamel and his
mates to make rifles in respect of period or the Court's
treatment of them.