Hamel and his mates arrived in
Seoul on June 26, 1654 or immediately before.
On April 11, 1654 before they arrived, Lee Won-jin made
a proposal to King Hyojong about calling them to Seoul
and King Hyojong decided to attach them to Hullyeondogam(¡ºBibyeonsa
Deungrok¡», Feb. 24, the 5th year of King Hyojong).
(the old site of Hullyeondogam
in the Joseon
According to¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick
Hamel¡», after arriving in Seoul, he stayed with
the rest of his mates for the first two or three days.
After that, they were divided into two or three, or
four and lived with Chinese escapees from China. These
Chinese refugees were Chinese interpreters.
Hamel and his mates were attached to a foreign unit
of Hullyeondogam where Park Yeon (Weltevree) worked
and began the life as soldiers.
First of all, they became guards under general's command
by order of the king.
The chief of those days was Lee Wan. They were paid
rice equivalent to 70 geun per one person.
They were given Joseon-style name and age and a round
wood plate certifying that they were foreigners. Moreover,
they were supplied even one stand of matchlock, gunpowder,
The round wood plate refers to Hopae. Their life as
Joseon people began. Some of them had Joseon-style name
such as "Nam Buksan"
and "Nam Ian".
On the other hand, Hamel and his mates were obviously
different from Korean people with their blue eyes, white
face, reddish brown hair, and a tall height.
Probably, they had a very strange feature from those
of Joseon people. Although Park Yeon (Weltevree) had
stayed since 1627, having 35 foreigners in Seoul was
a surprise and rare experience for Seoul people.
According to ¡ºHyojeongsillok¡»,
August in the 4th year of King Hyojong, Mujinjo and
¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick Hamel¡»,
King Hyojong occasionally called them to the Court and
asked them for traditional Dutch song or dance or to
display some feats.
In addition, high-ranking officials often called them
because their wives and children wanted to see them.
As a result, Hamel and his mates could not go around
the street freely during their stay in Seoul.
In August, 1654 soon after arriving in Seoul, they were
transferred to a large castle, known as Namhansanseong,
by order of the king because the envoys of the Ching
Dynasty visited Seoul.
in the Joseon Dynasty
With two invasions of the Ching Dynasty in 1627 and
in 1636, Joseon entered the tributary state system of
the Ching Dynasty and built a diplomatic relation with
Because Joseon did not inform the Ching Dynasty about
the 36 Dutch survivors of a shipwreck and did not want
to explain the reason of their stay in Seoul, Hamel
and his mates were moved to Namhansanseong in the suburb
of Seoul and they were kept on a close watch.
In December, it was very cold, so the chief of Hullyeondogam
felt compassion. He wrote a letter to the king to provide
them the buckskin carried on the Sperwer at the time
of shipwreck in Jeju-do.
Unfortunately, it already went to rot or were worm-eaten.
Hamel and his mates were allowed to sell some intact
buckskin so as to buy things to stand the cold. They
decided to buy a house because their landlord forced
them to gather firewood in spite of severe cold and
they had to go and return along over three miles everyday.
They gave each one's fund and bought a small house in
Seoul and some clothes to go through winter.