At the crack of dawn on Aug.
16, 1653, only 36 survivors out of 64 reached the coast
of Daeyasu in Jeju-do.
On Aug. 16 around noon,
they were found by Jeju people and at dusk, about 100
people closely kept watch of them.
On Aug. 18, some 1,000 or 2,000 soldiers were
stationed around them and some of them were examined
by the commander of the Joseon side.
However, it was difficult to exchange information or
communicate and the Joseon side failed to know the reason
of the shipwreck.
On Aug. 19, Joseon people
brought goods loaded on the Sperwer on the land to dry
in the sun and were busy burning wood with metal.
At that time, Lee Won-jin was Moksa(governor), Noh Jeong
was Pangwan(judge), and Gwon Geuk-jung was Hyeongam(head)
of Daejeong-hyeon. Noh Jeong and Gwon Geuk-jung oversaw
the scene. According to Hamel's report, Hamel and his
mates found wine in a crack in a rock and gave it to
two officials. They were very satisfied and showed a
On Aug. 20, as previous
day, burning wood was in progress. At the moment, gunpowder
in wood exploded and working soldiers were frightened
away. Hamel and his mates motioned them not to do it
again, and the soldiers felt easy and continued to work.
On Aug. 21, Joseon commanders
called some of Hamel and his mates and ordered to seal
off their things in a tent. Before very long, several
people who were detected in stealing Hamel and his mates'
things were arrested. Joseon commander ordered punishment
before Hamel and his mates. Some of them were struck
on the soles of their feet and their toes got disjointed.
Around noon, Hamel and his mates got order to depart.
People who could ride a horse received horses and the
wounded were carried on litters. Toward evening, they
arrived at Daejeong and stayed there. Hamel wrote down
that he traveled about four miles.
Aug. 22, in the morning, theyrode horses again
and had breakfast in front of a fortress where two warships
anchored. In the afternoon, they arrived at Jeju-mok
and were examined before Moksa (governor) Lee Won-jin
in a Jeju-mok office (present Gwandeokjeong). But, as
before, they could not communicate. But, Lee Won-jin
seeded to understand Hamel and his mates' words, "Iapan
Nangasackij (Japan Nagasaki)". After interrogation,
they stayed at a house where king'(Gwanghaegun)s uncle
According to¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick
Hamel¡», on Aug. 22, they started early in the
morning and had breakfast in front of one fortress.
This fortress is Myeongwoljin(fortress). It stands within
distance to the extent that if starting Daejeong-hyeon
early in the morning, one can have breakfast. According
there was an harbor accommodation in this fortress.
From this, we may judge that Hamel and his mates used
a way of Daejeong-hyeon¡æMyeongwolseong¡æJeju-mok when
moving to Jeju-mok.