Journal of Hendrick Hamel¡»is a record, that describes
the fate of Hendrick Hamel and his 36 mates shipwrecked
in Joseon, escaping to Japan in1666, arriving in the
VOC branch in Nagasaki, Japan, and leaving for their
country with eight survivors including Hamel.
¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick Hamel¡»is a record, that
describes the fate of Hendrick Hamel and his 36 mates
shipwrecked in Joseon, escaping to Japan in1666, arriving
in the VOC branch in Nagasaki, Japan, and leaving for
their country with eight survivors including Hamel.
It was written by Hendrick Hamel, who was a bookkeeper
of the Sperwer that got shipwrecked in Jeju. He described
his 13-year experience in Joseon and wrote a great deal
of information about the place.
The Journal of Hendrick Hamel describes Joseon in many
aspects such as politics, economy, foreign policies,
society, and culture. The Journal's historical value
is very precious and beyond measure.
To date, this record has been called ¡ºThe
Record of Hamel's Shipwreck¡»in Korea and ¡ºThe
Record of Hamel's Confinement¡»in Japan. However,
since Lee Byeong-do translated it into ¡ºThe Record of
Hamel's Shipwreck¡»to serialize in ¡ºJindanhakbo¡»in 1934,
this title has been commonly used.
In Japan, Ikuta Sigeru(ßæï£í²) first used this record,
called ¡ºThe Record of Hamel's Confinement¡»in 1961.
Also, Jean Paul Weise used the name of ¡ºThe Journal
of Hamel¡»in 1994. In reality, foreign books have been
titled in many different ways depending on the translators'
subjective views. However, considering a title of Hamel's
record and its significance, it was of great importance
as an official record when it was submitted to the government-general
in Batavia and the councilors in VOC. For this reason,
a research on Hamel has aroused the academic world's
new interest in the history of international relations
in East Asia as well as in Joseon-Dutch relations.
Another reason to heed ¡ºThe Journal
of Hamel¡»is that, the record was an important evidence
for Hamel and his mates to claim payment from VOC of
their unpaid wages during their long stay in Joseon.
At the same time, this record witnessed that Hamel did
his job satisfactorily as a member of VOC. It also reported
the difficult situation that they went through in Joseon.
The record describes the 13-year journey and events
during Hamel and his mate's stay in Joseon in details
including time as well as dates, suggesting his efforts
to keep an accurate account or record of their situation
In this way,¡ºThe Journal of Hendrick Hamel¡»was published
in Amsterdam in 1668. It was translated in French, German,
and English versions that spread throughout Europe