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HOME > Experience Pavilion > Experience of the hamel Trail > The places where Hamel lived



°‹The coast of Daeyasu, Jeju-do
The Sperwer left Taiwan and went toward Japan, but faced heavy storm for 4 days. When they found Jeju-do and attempted to anchor and turn a ship, the ship grounded and was wrecked at dawn of Aug. 16, 1653.
On the coast of Daeyasu, present Sindae-ri, Jejudo, they were shipwrecked, 28 died and only 36 survived.
They were found by the residents, stayed there for several days with one ~ two thousands soldiers surrounding them. They were sent to the place of Jeju-mok office and wreckages were also collected and sealed.
The coast of Daeyasu is known as present Sindo-ri, Jeju-do.
°‹Jeju-mok office

After arriving in Jeu-mok office, Hamel and his mates were examined about their situation.
The Jeju Governor, Lee Won-jin sympathized with them and supplied them with food. He also tried to send them to Nagasaki or Seoul.
A new governor as successor of Lee Won-jin exercised control over Hamel and his mates in limiting their freedom and food supply.
They stayed there for 1 year and 9 months until they were sent to Seoul in March 1656.

At present, Jeju-mok office is located around Gwandeokjeong. It was designated as National Historical Material No. 380 on March 30, 1993.
*Website: http://mokgwana. jeusi. go. kr

°‹Haenam

When Hamel and his mate were first transferred to Seoul, they were separated into four ships and their one arm and one leg were tied up to a wood column to prepare for their escape.
However, an adverse wind continued that they had to come back. 4~5 days later when a fair wind blew, they took a ship and were closely watched as before. An anchor was pulled up and their voyage started. They arrived in the mainland in the evening of that day.
Next morning, they were dragged to the coast and closely watched by soldiers.
Next day, they received a horse and arrived in Haenam.
In the evening of that day, they meet in one place.

°‹Yeongam-Naju-Jangseong-Ipam Sanseong-Jeongeup-Taein

After eating and drinking, Hamel and his mates left Haenam and arrived in Yeongam in the evening of that day.
Poulus Janse Cool died there. He was unhealthy since the shipwreck. Next day, the Yeongam Governor ordered him to buried before his mates. After the funeral rite, they rode a horse and arrived in Naju in the evening.
Next day, they stayed in Jangseong for one day and left in the next morning. They passed through a very high mountain with big fortress, called Ipam Sanseong, and stayed the night in Jeongeup. Next day, they arrived in Taein.

°‹Geumgu-Jeonju-Yeosan


Next morning, Hamel and his mates rode a horse and arrived at a small village, called Taein, at noon. They had lunch, left, and arrived in Jeonju in the evening of that day.
Jeonju was the capital of Hubaekju during ancient times and was the seat of Jeolla-do at that time.
Next morning, they left Jeonju and arrived Yeosan, the last village of Jeolla-do.

°‹Eunjin-Yeonsan-Gongju


Hamel and his mates stay the night in Yeosan, moved by horse next morning, and arrived in Eunjin, Chungcheong-do.

Next evening, they arrived in Gongju, the seat of Chungcheong-do.

°‹Seoul


Next day, Hamel and his mates crossed a big river and entered Gyeonggi-do where the king lived.
Several days after they stayed in several towns and villages, they finally crossed a big river. They ran for several miles and arrived in Seoul surrounded by a big fortress where the king lived.
They stayed in one quarter for 2~3 days.
Then, they were divided into 2~3 persons and lived with Chinese people.
They stayed in Hullyeondogam and worked for the Royal Guards. They were paid monthly of 70 bags of rice.
When an envoy of the Ching China visited Seoul in March 1665, Hendrik Janse and Hendrik Janse Bos raised a disturbance, holding the head of a horse asked for petition to be sent back home. Since then, Hamel and his mates were confined. Several people were sent to other place whenever an envoy of the Ching China visited Seoul.

°‹Jeolla Byeongyeong in Gangjin


In March 1656, Hamel and his mates began their new life in the province of Jeolla-do.
They stayed most of their lives in Joseon (for 7 years of 13 years and 28 months).
It is guessed that they experienced and learned many things in Joseon.
They were treated harshly by the governor and they to work and secure what they needed. They went up to the mountain to get firewood and had to bear the cold weather. They even beg to provide for themselves.
Since some of them got married, they had to do odd jobs and made Dutch-style daily goods to sell in order to manage a household.
They were on good terms with Buddhist monks. Buddhist monks were very generous and liked hearing the customs of other countries. It was a bad year for 3 years from 1660 to 1662 and many people died of starvation brought about by the drought. The government could not provide them with enough food and ordered them to be separated into three villages.
They were separated to Yeosu(12 persons), Suncheon(5 persons), and Namwon(5 persons) early in March, 1662.
Recently, the site of old Jeolla Byeongyeong in Gangjin has been restored. It bears the marks of Hamel such as a comb-patterned stone wall.

°‹Yeosu/Namwon/Suncehon

Because of insufficient food caused by continued famine, Hamel and his mate had to be separated into Yeosu, Suncheon, and Namwon early in March, 1663. Of 22 healthy people, 12 were moved to Yeosu, 5, to Suncheon, and 5 to Namwon.
Their life was a mixed feelings of joy and sorrow with the changes of governors. Governor Lee Do-bin winning the confidence of local people was friendly to them.
In 1665, they could get a small ship to obtain foodstuffs and go around islands to examine the possibility of escape.
Finally, they paid double the price to buy a ship and 8 people residing in Yeosu succeeded in escape on Sept. 4, 1666.







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