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Pavilion > Experience of the hamel Trail > hamel Trail > Experience of the Hamel Trail
||It was the port where Hamel
set sail by a trading vessel as an employee
of VOC on Nov. 6, 1650.
Hamel leaving Texel, Netherlands and arrived
in Batavia, that was the largest position
of VOC and an advanced base of the Orient
trading, in July 4, 1651.
It is located in Noord-Hoollanse Waddeneliland.
||Hamel and his mates left Batavia
on June 18, 1653 and arrived in Taiwan on
July 16, 1653.
Their purpose was to take Cornelis Ceasar,
a new Governor-general to succeed Nicolas
Werberg finishing up his 3-year term of office.
The Governor-general of Taiwan and a council
ordered them to go to Japan and Hamel and
his mates left for Japan on July 30.
At that time, Taiwan was called Fomosa which
means "a beautiful island" in Portuguese
since Portuguese had visited in 1590.
Netherlands drove out Spain and established
There was a base of VOC in Taiwan at the time
The area of present Taiwan is 36,179§´ and
population is 22,569,000(as of 2003).
||Dutch people went into Java in the late
16th century and gave attention to its good
location. They named Java Batavia and used
it as the largest point of the East Indies
for the colonial power of Netherlands.
VOC established in 1602 received thesole right
of trading and voyage in Asia from the Dutch
government. It had a right to conclude a treaty
with several Asian countries, to build castles,
to organize the army, and to appoint a civil
official. In other words, VOC was an agency
of state authority in politics, economy, and
In the 17~18th century at the zenith of its
prosperity, it operated more than 1,500 ships
and established its branch in 30 countries
in Asia with its base on Batavia as the largest
trading and vessel company in the world.
Hamel and his mates, residing in Joseon for
13 years and escaping from Yeosu, was detained
in Nagasaki for one year and went to Batavia
on Oct, 22, 1667.
Hamel remained in Batavia alone and returned
to his home with other mates staying behind
in Joseon on July 20, 1670.
Batavia refers to Jakarta, the capital of
Its area is 577§´ and population is 9,165,000(as
of 1995). It became independent from Netherlands
|| The Sperwer left Taiwan for Japan and faced
heavy and rough seas. After a storm for four
days, they found Jeju-do and dropped the anchor.
At the moment of turning a ship, the ship
was wrecked on a rock. It happened at dawn
of Aug. 16, 1653.
They were shipwrecked on the coast of Daeyasu,
present Sindo-ri in Namjeju-gun, and 28 died
and only 36 survived.
At that time, the Jeju Governor, Lee Won-jin
sympathized with them and supplied them with
food. He also tried to send them to Nagasaki
A new governor as successor of Lee Won-jin
exercised control over Hamel and his mates
with regards to their freedom and food.
They stayed there for 1 year and 9 months
until they were sent to Seoul in March 1656.
||On the 7th year of their life in Gangjin,
Joseon suffered from drought causing famine.
Their food was in short supply, they were
separated into Namwon, Suncheon, and Yeosu
early in March, 1663.
Their life was a mixed feelings of joy and
sorrow with the changes of governors. Governor
Lee Do-bin winning the confidence of local
people was friendly to them.
In 1665, they could get a small ship to obtain
foodstuffs and go around islands to examine
the possibility of escape.
Finally, they paid double the price to buy
a ship and eight (8) people residing in Yeosu
succeeded escape on Sept. 4, 1666.
|| Hamel and his mates escaping from Yeosu were
arrested in Goto, Japan on Sept. 8, 1666 and
transferred to Nagasaki.
There was Deshima, a window of trading with
Europe, in Nagasaki.
Deshima was an artificial island with an area
of 15. 395§³ that was established as part of
the national isolation policy of the Edo age
of Japan. The length of outer wall was 564m.
The VOC branch was in Deshima.
Hamel and his mates were transferred to Deshima,
welcomed by branch employees, and received
Dutch clothing. Although they wanted to return
to their home as soon as possible, the negotiation
on the remaining people in Joseon was continued
between Joseon and Japan and they had to wait
for one year more. On Oct. 22, 1667, they
could went to Batavia by the Spriup.
The area of Nagasaki is 43. 7§´ and population
is 438,600(as of 2000).